INTRODUCTION

We have been living in the era of fast computing for a long time now. Ever since the invention of the PC in 1971 and commercial availability of the same in 1977, we have been getting more and more of our work done by the computers at our disposal. Entry of smartphones has revolutionised computing to the extent that after quad-core, and octa-core processors, we are looking at deca-core processor smartphones in our hands. We are handling more and more powerful computing devices in our hands with each passing day. Even a mediocre smartphone today is more powerful than the computer that sent us to the moon. The same will be far outdated and obsolete in the next five years.

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This article will take you on a tour of the deca-core processors and give you the basic information related to their working.

What is a deca-core processor?

A Deca-core processor is basically an integrated system that utilises ten independent cores, identical or unidentical with same or different processing capacity working together to achieve microprocessing goals, all installed on a single package. The ‘cores’ used in the complete package may have the same or different capacity, and work parallelly to do the work. Most common architecture utilises 4 high-power cores, 4 mid-power cores and 2 low-power cores. Unless any heavy processing is involved, the high-power cores stay as standby, and and the lower-powered cores take care of most of the computing. A deca-core processor mostly comes in handy when there are a lot of tasks at hand all of them need to be done simultaneously and on equal priority.

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In short, the deca-core processor is nothing but a multi-core processor making use of ten cores, more or less like the dual-core, quad-core and octa-core processors and achieves computational speeds using the parallel computing technology.

WHAT IS PARALLEL COMPUTING?

Parallel computing involves breaking down a task into multiple smaller tasks and performing them simultaneously to get the output faster. Although the final clock speed of a multi-core processor today is the same as that of single core processors, a multi-core processor can generate the same output within the computing capacity in a smaller time. This has led to a lot of R&D by various large companies such as Samsung & Apple revolving around multi-core processing. To understand how this turns out better, let’s take the following example.

  • Imagine a task where you need to solve a set of 8 mathematical problems.
  • You can get one person (let’s call him X) to solve them with a great mind for maths, or 8 normal people (let’s call them A-H)to solve them.
  • Let’s also assume that the X at his best, will not take more than 1 minute, and the 8 people (A-H) take 4 minutes to solve the same problem.
  • The mathematical problems at hand take, say 30 seconds to solve for X per problem and say 2 minutes for (A-H).
  • This way, X will solve the entire set of calculations, working on one at a time in a total of 240 seconds, which is four minutes. On the other hand, all the people whom we handed one problem each will do it in two minutes.

This way, parallel computing, despite having utilised processors with less computing power, will provide the output in a lesser amount of time. Almost all of the parallel computing systems in the world incorporate more or less that same concept to get the work done.

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WHO MAKES DECA-CORE PROCESSORS?

As of now, MediaTek systems is the most famous one for bringing up the deca-core processors in the market. The MediaTek Helios X20 was the first deca-core processor from the company. The processor used 2 x Cortex-A72 @ 2.1GHz ~ 2.3GHz, 4x Cortex-A53 @ 1.85GHz, 4x Cortex-A53 @ 1.4GHz cores to obtain a cumulative processing speed of approximately 2.0GHz. More recently the company has brought in more deca-core chipsets such as the helios X25 and helios X30(upcoming).

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Another company that manufactures deca-cores is Intel. Their Xeon range of processors easily has 10 or even more cores. The Intel E7-2860 from the Intel® Xeon® Processor E7 Family employed 10 cores able to work on 20 threads simultaneously. As of today, Intel® Xeon® Silver 4114T Processor employs 10 cores clocked at 2.20GHz able to achieve turbo speeds of up to 3.0GHz. However, Intel Xeon processors are not meant to be used in smartphones and are used mainly in servers and related high capacity computers. As far as smartphones are concerned, MediaTek is the only one currently which makes deca-core processors.

PHONES WITH DECA-CORE PROCESSORS

The first ever deca-core phone that was released into the markets was the Zopo Speed 8, that came with a MediaTek Helio X20 MT6797 deca-core processor, 4GB RAM and 32GB internal memory. Zopo Speed 8 was launched in 2016.

As of today, there are multiple deca-core processor smartphones in the market and are available for a decent price as well. Some common examples are:

  • Lenovo K8 Note:
    • Chipset: MediaTek Helio X23
    • CPU: Deca-core 2.3 GHz
    • RAM: 3GB*/4GB**
    • Storage: 32GB*/64GB**
  • LeEco Le 2:
    • Chipset: Mediatek MT6797 Helio X20
    • CPU: Deca-Core 2.0GHz
    • RAM: 3GB
    • Storage: 64GB
  • Meizu Pro 6:
    • Mediatek MT6797T Helio X25
    • CPU: Deca-Core 2.5GHz
    • RAM: 4GB RAM
    • Storage: 32GB/64GB

SUMMARY

There has been a widespread criticism about the phones’ ability to compute on the scale claimed by the manufacturers. Many users have also claimed the inability to perform up to the promised parameters. At the same time, there have been more than many reports from users saying that their devices can perform much better compared to the Octa-Core variants from other manufacturers. Deca-core processors have been the centre of attention for the main reason that they score amazingly high on AnTuTu and Geekbench. A nuance of the device lies in it that the best performance is found in phones using stock Android.

Also Read: Galaxy Note Release Date Revealed

Also, many experts have criticised the need for using deca-core processors, as most of the apps for Android phones are designed such that they don’t require using more than cores at a time. Using 10-cores is simply not the need of time, according to them. Deca-Core processors for mobile phones are still in their initial deployment stages; more advanced deca-cores will surely come up in the near future. Till then, quad-cores and octa-cores are well suited for our day-to-day smartphone needs.